Intellectual rights and author rights are sensitive subjects and deeply respected across the world. Such respect is mutual and a crucial prerequisite for cordial relationships among proponents in various intellectual fields: science, education, society, businesses centered on intellectual property (publication of books), mass media, and all other industries involved directly with verbal or written communication.
It can be said, that with all the massive amounts of information witnessed and shared, the ability of being able to correctly cite and attribute data has now become of paramount importance. Paraphrasing with proper referencing & citations allow for consensual exchange of proprietary information while maintaining genuine integrity.
This article explores the nuances of how to cite a paraphrase in two of the most popular referencing styles, APA and MLA.
Paraphrasing allows writers to present any information in their own manner without distorting the meaning, synthesize related information from different sources and even compares & contrast their details.
Referencing written works is not an exception but a requirement. To that end, we explore the rules & regulations of citing a paraphrase correctly in two of the most popular referencing styles in academic institutions worldwide, the American Psychological Association Style (APA) and the Modern Language Association Style (MLA).
Paraphrasing is a common practice among published authors. Rather than directly quoting their sources, many professionals paraphrase information from their sources. Citation of paraphrases is obviously essential and students should emulate this practice wholly.
So, how to cite a paraphrase in the APA style? Below are some essential rules.
Either mention the author’s name in the concerned section or at the end of the section in parentheses for APA in-text citation of paraphrases.
For example, Webster-Stratton (2016) …………. (pp.122-124)
The above rule is applicable when you are reading a primary source and paraphrasing yourself.
If you are reading the paraphrase of a primary source in another work and need to cite it, then try to read and cite from the original work directly. If not possible, use secondary source citations.
And, that’s about for citing paraphrase in the APA style. The following section looks into how to cite a paraphrase in the MLA style.
Just like APA, when you present other’s ideas or information from another source in your own words, the MLA referencing style requires you to cite the original source clearly. Citing paraphrases in the MLA style is a bit simpler than in the APA style.
For example, …. (Gibaldi, 109)
For example, Fong’s 1987 study found ……. (qtd. in Bertram 124). Bertram is the source consulted and should be mentioned in the works cited, not Fong, the original work.
That’s about it for paraphrasing ideas in the MLA style. Before we round up, here’s how to cite a paraphrase from a website.
For long URLs, try to break it at a slash. Reference list entries are as follows:
Author Name In Reverse, Title of The Article, Website Name, Date Of Publication and URL.
Here’s an example: (Author’s Last Name, Year) or (Corporation/Group’s/Governmental Department Name, Year) or (Shortened Website Title, Year) in case author names are missing.
Start with the title if author names are missing and if the content is to be modified later on, add an access date too.
The intext citation should be just the author’s name as websites do not have page numbers normally. For example, (Author Name)
That rounds up this article on citing paraphrases in the APA and MLA style. Use this guide to add accurate references in your work. And, in case of any further trouble, know that Assignmenthelp.us's paraphrasing tool is always here to help you out.
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