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What Is An Abstract? Tips And Examples

A to Z guide for abstract writing

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How to Write an Abstract
 John Millar   Published On May 12, 2020 | Updated on Dec 28, 2023  Writing Service

Most students often disregard the importance of writing an abstract for academic papers. Although abstracts hardly carry any marks, it is an indispensable part of every academic paper, and it offers a gist of the entire content of a paper. And that is precisely why you must know how to write an abstract.

But before that, you must know the answer to the fundamental question – What is an abstract?

Ideally, an abstract should consist of a summary of the paper you have written. But there is more to it than that. The purpose of writing an abstract is to describe an argument rather than evaluating or defending it.

Since the abstract is the first thing the readers see, it should give a clear idea of what your essay is about. It should also be engaging so that the readers get a keen interest in reading & writing your paper. The abstract comes after the title and before the main body of your work. Now, let us get down to the nitty-gritty to help you learn how to write an abstract.

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What Is The Importance Of Writing An Abstract?

An abstract helps in more ways than you can imagine. It is one of the most critical parts of an academic paper. Here’s why.

  1. An abstract serves like a preview of the whole paper. The abstract serves as a roadmap, on reading which they will understand if the piece of writing serves their purpose or not.
  2. Abstracts are very useful for online libraries as they help in retrieving information on topics.
  3. Abstracts highlight the most useful information of the piece of the work that invites the readers into reading the whole piece.

Now that you understand the importance of writing an abstract essay, you know how crucial a segment it is. If you are wondering how to write a good abstract that fulfills all its purposes, read on for some tips and tricks.

How To Write A Compelling Abstract Essay?

If you have no idea about how to write a simple yet appealing abstract, consider these tips to craft a brilliant abstract.

  1. Keep the needs of the readers in mind

While writing an abstract, your purpose should be to help readers find your work. The abstract should be able to help the reader understand what your paper is about at the very first glance. So, make sure you get to the main arguments quickly.

  1. Determine the type of abstract

Generally speaking, there are two main types of abstracts - descriptive and informative. It is essential that you determine what kind of abstract you need to write because descriptive abstracts are for shorter papers, whereas informative ones are for lengthy technical research papers.

  1. Define the purpose clearly

Start your abstract essay by stating the purpose of the research work. Explain why the readers will care about your study or how it is significant to your field. Clearly state the research question that you aim to answer. 

  1. Mention the problem/issue you are addressing clearly

You must state the problem you are addressing in your research work clearly. This way, you will be able to justify the importance of your research. Explain how your research will attempt to solve the problem that you have stated. Define the central argument of your work.

  1. Methodology

This is the part where you explain how you are planning to accomplish your study. Discuss the approach you will be taking for your research, including the variables. Mention the evidence which will help you support the claims. You can also mention other’s work that you have reviewed.

  1. Explain your results

Results are required only if you are writing informative abstracts. Discuss the general findings and state if your hypothesis was supported. Explain the answer clearly that you have got from your result.

  1. Write your conclusion

This is the part where you give closure to the whole abstract. Give proper meaning to the finding. Explain the implications of your study and make sure you state whether the result was generalizable or specific to a particular case. Mention if your result has any practical or theoretical applications. Describe how it opens vistas for future researchers.

Your abstract has the power to promote your paper. So, you must revise it several times to ensure that it has no grammatical or spelling errors.

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Abstract Examples For Better Understanding

We know that until you get a visual understanding, the process does not complete a circle. So, here is an example of an abstract for your better understanding.

Topic: A study on the narrative techniques in Ruskin Bond’s short story ‘The Night Train at Deoli’


Ruskin Bond is an eminent Indian short story writer of British descent. He has written countless short stories based on the encounters he had in his course of life and has expressed his unique impressions of them.

[First Chapter]

The subjects of his stories are very ordinary, but they are never dull. He makes the stories so fascinating and relatable that it drags the reader to read more.

[Second Chapter]

He has the power to add grandeur to an ordinary situation. His stories always depict an internal longing for someone, innocence and unselfish love that does not demand anything in return. His stories are crafted in a way that the readers can connect and relate to it personally.


The purpose of this study is to explore different narrative techniques used by Ruskin Bond inone of the best short stories ‘The Night train at Deoli and other stories’.

We hope this example of an abstract has helped you understand how to write a good abstract by yourself. If you want help or check out more samples, you can consider our writers for writing a narrative essay also.Can’t understand how to write an abstract?

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