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MGT 5211 Procurement and Contract Management

Published : 01-Sep,2021  |  Views : 10


Describe the roles and responsibilities of the Executive Branch, Congress, and defense industry in Defense Acquisition, and where defense acquisition authority is derived.


The roles of the Executive Branch, Congress, and defense industry in Defense Acquisition The defense acquisition system can be defined as a single standardized process through which all the mechanisms, equipment, amenities, and services are strategized, improved, innovated, acquired, preserved and disposed of f by the Department of Defense (DOD). The procedure includes policies and decision making and exercise that regulate the process of acquisition, recognizing, categorizing and prioritizing resource requirements, maintaining and calculating the process. It also concludes by reporting back to the congress. There are three main pillars in the process of defense acquisition: firstly the Executive Branch of the Federal Government, the Congress and the defense industry. Every participant of the acquisition system has a vital role to and also brings along a unique point of view of its own in the process (Clowney, Dever & Stuban, 2016).

The executive branch of the federal government: This group consists of members like the President, the Department of Defense (DOD), the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the Department of State and the National Security Council (NSC). The first and foremost duty of this group is to formulate and execute policies of regarding the national security. It also has to direct the policies in order to be implemented by the institutions involved. The prime objective of the executive branch is to understand and determine the security requirements of the state and then implement policies in order to satisfy those needs. It also has to keep a check so that a balance in the structure can be maintained. It also requires to build a steady weapon system in the country to be able to combat the alarming threats on the national front (McNicol & Wu, 2014).

The congress: The Prime concern of the Congress is to maintain a situation of internal and external peace, in order to do so the congress checks and balances the conflict in between the authorities while decision making and policymaking strategies and also creates equilibrium in between the defense and social requirements. The congress conducts the hearings in order to come to any conclusion. One of the major objectives of the congress if to minimize the mismanagement of the defense acquisition system and to stop abuse, fraud also controls the waste management. The congress has the power to establish or oversight committees for the smooth working of the process. Another objective of the congress is to raise funds for the improvement and innovation process as well (Tremaine et al., 2016).

Industry in Defense Acquisition: The defense industry is also the contractors constitutes of a large and small organizations that provide goods and services to the department of defense. There are various requirements of the department and that includes involvement of a number of contractors. These independent contractors have a definite aim and that is to earn their own profit and generate cash flow in their own operation of business. They are the representative of their own interest and the interest of their stockholders and hence have a little to do with acquisition process from a judicial or executive point. They are just suppliers of products or services to develop the system and to maintain the working of the defense acquisition (Goetsch & Davis, 2014).


Clowney, P., Dever, J., & Stuban, S. (2016). Department of Defense Acquisition Program Terminations: Analysis of 11 Program Management Factors. Defense Acquisition Research Journal: A Publication of the Defense Acquisition University, 23(3).

Goetsch, D. L., & Davis, S. B. (2014). Quality management for organizational excellence. Upper Saddle River, NJ: pearson.

McNicol, D. L., & Wu, L. (2014). Evidence on the Effect of DoD Acquisition Policy and Process on Cost Growth of Major Defense Acquisition Programs(No. IDA-PAPER-P-5126). INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA.

Tremaine, R. L., Sahinoglu, M., Stockton, S., Barclay, R. M., Morton, S., Voelz, G., ... & Hawkins, T. G. (2016). Defense Acquisition Research Journal: Strengthening Cost Consciousness, Professionalism, and Technical Excellence. Defense Acquisition University Fort Belvoir United States.

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