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ENVS 302 Environmental Sustainability

Published : 05-Oct,2021  |  Views : 10

Question:

Describe Your Own Environment

Consider the natural environment or biome found in the geographic area where you currently live. For example, if you live in the Midwest, the natural biome for this area is the grassland. If you live in Alaska you are likely to live in either the tundra or the boreal forest. Describe the main features of the biome found in your geographic area. Include features such as the environment (moisture, temperature) and any topographic features that would influence the climate (mountains, large bodies of water, etc.).

Identify Ten Organisms

Make a list identifying at least ten organisms at least five plants and five animals that live in your biome, and describe how these organisms interact with one another. For example, is the relationship competitive or symbiotic?

Describe Each Organism and its Environmental Needs

In the speaker notes section in your presentation, briefly describe these ten organisms and the type of conditions that is, moisture, warm temperatures, or a type of plant they need in order to survive. Be sure to include the interactions between these organisms and the resources they need to survive. You may wish to use various tools available in Microsoft PowerPoint to visually depict these relationships.

Hypothesis of a New Environment

Consider a situation where the temperature of the climate was to increase by an average of ten degrees Celsius.

Answer:

Introduction  

Virginia is a state present on the eastern coast of the United States. Virginia has a  temperate deciduous forest biome that is always changing (Bond-Lamberty et al., 2015).
It has magnolia trees and bald cypress. The climate is temperate that is winters are colder and the summers are hotter. Virginia has 5 different types of climatic regions.
There are various mountains such as  Mount Rogers, Old Rag Mountain, Hawksbill Mountain (Costanza et al.,2014). 

Organisms in Virginia  

Plants Temperate Deciduous Forests, 
Banana Trees- 
Magnolia trees ,Bald cypress and White pine   , 

Organisms in Virginia  

Animals 
Juncos ,
Lichens ,
Snow geese , 
Arctic char,  
Brown Trout, 
Opossum, 
Turkey and  Quail  (Duarte et    al.,2014).  

Temperature Change and Effects on Organisms  

Movement of Alligators into the Dismal Swamp from North Carolina
Extension of the species of Manatees, harbor and gray seals from the traditional habitats to  marginal territories in the Chesapeake Bay 
No revert or swimming back of the Manatee from the Chesapeake Bay to Florida until the temperature of water is not cold enough for survival (below 68 degrees)
Traditional winter time visitors of Harbor seals are now often observed in Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel islands and on Eastern Shore beaches
Increase in gray seal population is likely to attract the predator white shark species in the Virginia waters (Virginiaplaces.org, 2017) 

Hypothesis of a  new environment 

If the temperature of the environment increase by an average of 10 degree Celsius, some animals would go for aestivation and a few organisms would migrate to an area having a temperature  that is suitable to them.
Various new species might move in due to an increase in temperature which is suitable to their habitat. 
There is a negative impact of an increase in temperature  on the migratory species  as they migrate to their breeding areas and there  is a decrease in their population level .  
Changes in the suitability of  habitat leads to reduction in the number of marine animals. 
The biome of Virginia would face negative consequences due to an increase in temperature. It will lead to drooping of leaves of  temperate deciduous forests. Animals such as  juncos and snow geese will migrate to other areas.  
If the biome of Virginia changes along with temperature ,a few plants and animals can adapt to  environment having a high temperature 
Examples of trees that can survive a high temperature are such Red Oak, English Oak, Sweet gum and White ash   and  animals include Water Bear, Sahara desert Ant , Pompeii Worm, Giant Kangaroo Rat ,and thermo tolerant worms.
The rarer species will cease to exist in such conditions.
New ecosystem  will  include a hot climate and will have a negative impact on the growth  and development of various plants and animals.  

Environmental Management  

There are various strategies to manage high  environmental conditions such as provision of proper supply of drinking water to human beings and animals, watering plants and trees so that they are able to withstand high temperatures(Kim Miller& Nowak ,2015). 
A drastic shift in the climate will lead to negative effect on the culture and society in Virginia as the individuals are more adaptable to moderate temperatures and it will be difficult to adjust a new environment.  
I would prefer to shift  to an area having a moderate climate as I am adapted to it and   would find difficult to live in an area having a drastic increase in temperature.  

References  

Bond-Lamberty, B. P., Hardiman, B. S., Scheuermann, C. M., Nave, L. E., & Nadelhoffer, K. J. (2015, December). Forest carbon uptake in North America's aging temperate deciduous forests: A data-theory-model mismatch?. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts.
Costanza, R., Chichakly, K., Dale, V., Farber, S., Finnigan, D., Grigg, K., ... & Magnuszewski, P. (2014). Simulation games that integrate research, entertainment, and learning around ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services, 10, 195-201. Duarte, A. W. F., Passarini, M. R. Z., Delforno, T. P., Pellizzari, F. M., Cipro, C. V. Z.,
Montone, R. C., ... & Sette, L. D. (2016). Yeasts from macroalgae and lichens that inhabit the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Environmental microbiology reports, 8(5), 874-885. Gough, C. M., Curtis, P.,  Kim, G., Miller, P. A., & Nowak, D. J. (2015). Assessing urban vacant land ecosystem services:
Urban vacant land as green infrastructure in the City of Roanoke, Virginia. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 14(3), 519-526. Virginiaplaces.org. (2017). Habitats and Species of Virginia. Virginiaplaces.org.
Retrieved 2 July 2017, from http://www.virginiaplaces.org/natural/ 

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