The Quakers of Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons formed the ideas of the Pennsylvania System. This system was started in the Eastern State Penitentiary in the early 1800s and it is called as a separate system. This system was started as Quakers felt that the prisoners could change their lives by living in solidarity.
The Pennsylvania System of imprisonment involved keeping all the prisons in isolation in a small area where they ate, worked and slept. They were not allowed to meet other prisoners and to visit their family members. This system involved strict discipline and the entrance to their area was very low that is four feet and eight inches. It prisoners to kneel down and hence remind them of the crime they had committed.
These principles were formed because the founders of the Pennsylvania System because they thought that if the prisoners are kept away from other prisoners, it will prevent criminal activity in the future and they will be isolated from company of human beings. Quakers thought that staying alone would only make them repent about their crime.
This method of imprisonment lead to various mental health issues in the prisoners as they had to stay in isolation and harassed by the officers of the prison. It also led to various other problems like memory issues, depression, anger, frustration various other health issues.
The Pennsylvania System of imprisonment was changed because it led to various health problems in the prisoners and it required a large amount of staff to keep the prisoners away from each other. The production rates of the goods was low since it was produced by them individually. In 1823, the flaws of this system were changed by the New York and hence a new system called as the Auburn System was formed. It involved working of prisoners together but they were kept separated from others during the night in their own compartment.
Yeung, K. T., & Somashekhar, M. (2016). Sensing agency and resistance in old prisons: A pragmatist analysis of institutional control. Theory, Culture & Society, 33(3), 79-101.
Rubin, A. T. (2015). A Neo?Institutional Account of Prison Diffusion. Law & Society Review, 49(2), 365-400.
No matter how close the deadline is, you will find quick solutions for your urgent assignments.
All assessments are written by experts based on research and credible sources. It also quality-approved by editors and proofreaders.
Our team consists of writers and PhD scholars with profound knowledge in their subject of study and deliver A+ quality solution.
We offer academic help services for a wide array of subjects.
We care about our students and guarantee the best price in the market to help them avail top academic services that fit any budget.
You will receive a confirmation email shortly in your subscribe email address.
You have already subscribed our newsletter.