Last day of the OFFER FLAT 20% off & $20 sign up bonus Order Now

Last day of the offer FLAT 20% off & $20 sign up bonus

us

Free Resources

  • icon 67K+ Completed Assignments
  • icon 1.5K+ PhD Experts
  • icon 100+ Subjects we cater
  • icon 100% Secure Payment

CRIJ275 Correctional Administration

Published : 13-Sep,2021  |  Views : 10

Question:

Who actually formed these ideas?

Expand upon the ideas of the 5 general principles.

Why do you think they were implemented?

How did they have an effect upon the prisoners?

Has this basically changed? Why or why not?

Answer:

 Ideas of Pennsylvania System

The Quakers of Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons formed the ideas of the Pennsylvania System. This system was started in the Eastern State Penitentiary in the early 1800s and it is called as a separate system. This system was started as Quakers felt that the prisoners could change their lives by living in solidarity.

Principles of Pennsylvania System

The Pennsylvania System of imprisonment involved keeping all the prisons in isolation in a small area where they ate, worked and slept. They were not allowed to meet other prisoners and to visit their family members. This system involved strict discipline and the entrance to their area was very low that is four feet and eight inches. It prisoners to kneel down and hence remind them of the crime they had committed.  

Reasons of Implementation

These principles were formed because the founders of the Pennsylvania System because they thought that if the prisoners are kept away from other prisoners, it will prevent criminal activity in the future and they will be isolated from company of human beings. Quakers thought that staying alone would only make them repent about their crime.

Effect upon the prisoners

This method of imprisonment lead to various mental health issues in the prisoners as they had to stay in isolation and harassed by the officers of the prison. It also led to various other problems like memory issues, depression, anger, frustration various other health issues.

Reasons of Change  

The Pennsylvania System of imprisonment was changed because it led to various health problems in the prisoners and it required a large amount of staff to keep the prisoners away from each other. The production rates of the goods was low since it was produced by them individually. In 1823, the flaws of this system were changed by the New York and hence a new system called as the Auburn System was formed. It involved working of prisoners together but they were kept separated from others during the night in their own compartment.

References:

Yeung, K. T., & Somashekhar, M. (2016). Sensing agency and resistance in old prisons: A pragmatist analysis of institutional control. Theory, Culture & Society, 33(3), 79-101.

Rubin, A. T. (2015). A Neo?Institutional Account of Prison Diffusion. Law & Society Review, 49(2), 365-400.

Our Amazing Features

delivery

No missing deadline risk

No matter how close the deadline is, you will find quick solutions for your urgent assignments.

work

100% Plagiarism-free content

All assessments are written by experts based on research and credible sources. It also quality-approved by editors and proofreaders.

time

500+ subject matter experts

Our team consists of writers and PhD scholars with profound knowledge in their subject of study and deliver A+ quality solution.

subject

Covers all subjects

We offer academic help services for a wide array of subjects.

price

Pocket-friendly rate

We care about our students and guarantee the best price in the market to help them avail top academic services that fit any budget.

Not sure yet?

Get in touch with us or

get free price quote.

Get A Free Quote