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LAW BK 925 Banking Structure and Regulation

Published : 04-Sep,2021  |  Views : 10

Questions: 

Just need the bare minimum to answer these questions

1. How has the orientation of Deutsche Bank changed over time in terms of business segments and global nature? Why? Do you agree with its strategy?

2. What do the historical financials tell us about Deutsche Bank’s profitability ratios in terms of ROA/ROE?

3. What is the financial outlook for Deutsche Bank in view of Basel III and the euro zone debt crisis?

4. What is your estimated valuation of Deutsche Bank? (Use the P/E and P/TB ratios to value Deutsche Bank’s equity share.)

5. In the wake of the financial crisis and public outrage at business (particularly financial institutions), how should leaders at Deutsche Bank view these events? To what extent is the current public sentiment an issue or a problem for them? What, if anything, should they do to respond and restore public trust in business?

6. How should Deutsche Bank view the current events in Germany, Europe, and the wider markets?

7. What is your opinion regarding the model of the current co-leaders of Deutsche Bank? Is this approach good for managing Deutsche Bank? How did you figure out whether his approach is good or not?

Answers:

1.The orientation of Deutsche Bank has changed over the time, which represents optimizing of the business model concerning the evolving market and regulatory environment. The strategy adopted by the company complies with the business structure since the company constantly evaluates its business portfolio through making itself familiar with the prevailing market opportunities and meeting the needs of the clients. The group business structure comprises of the corporate division as it introduces the use of PBC (Private and Business Clients) which segregates the new revenue category from the other revenues. This provides Deutsche  Bank with more transparency on the PBC revenue structure.

2.From 2002-2007, it shows the profitability based on shares earning and increased ROE and that compared with the ROA. The ROE of a Deutsche bank are high as compared to other banks. The bank’s ROE has increased each year, which represents for the investors that are willing to invest. On the other hand, ROA has falls in some years. As per this financial data, the Deutsche bank earns profit through increase in ROE instead ROA that means it increased leverage, and risk.

3.Due to the crisis of euro zone debt, the Basel III had replaced the Basel II. The profit of Deutsche bank has falls a lot during the euro zone debt. The requirement of equity capital had enhanced by the Basel III.  Its leverage is also high and the risk have controlled by this new regulation but also reduced the revenue of the bank. With the help of fall in leverage, the bank will get either the capital or money from the investor. Recently this bank had raises the capital through consolidated Germany post bank.

4.Valuation of Deutsche Bank

P.E Ratio = -2.08

Price to book ratio = 0.50

5.In the wake of the current public outrage and financial crisis public sentiments has been largely affected. A sense of lack of trust towards the banking sector or in the financial market determines the entire systems. The current financial crisis among the public has hampered the trust of clients, which considerably effected the borrowing capacity of the customers. It is worth mentioning that the creation of relationships and trust amid the bankers and the clients forms the basis of capital creation. In the event of vanishing trust from the banking systems has lead to economic loss.

Banks and other financial mediators plays an important role in the proper channeling of the saving of the investors. The leaders of the Deutsche Bank should pool the savings of the customers, as the investors do not always have the opportunity of easily assessing the risk of an investment. Through pooling of savings, Deutsche Bank can allow for increased amount of returns for the savers. In addition to this, the investors who need funds for making potential investment projects can take obtain the benefit of pooling of savings through intermediation of services provided by Deutsche Bank.

6.The shares of Deutsche bank has become low along with the German lender at the center and sell-off the intense market. The interest rate is negative and the policy is low, which have the impact on the returns on household’s financial assets. For the last 4 years, the nominal total return has become half about 3.4%. It was the difficult for the German savers. In 2015 the nominal return on interest bearing.

7.The co-leaders of the company are the members who are jointly held accountable for the management of the company. The effective corporate governance adopted by the Deutsche Bank is accordance with the international standards as the company ensures that the responsibilities are driven by the values of the management. The approach of the management consist of adopting strategies such establishing goods relations with the shareholders, effective corporation amid the management and the supervisory board form main elements of the current managerial model of Deutsche  Bank. The company is committed towards preserving and maintaining best class corporate governance principles in alignment with the international and legal requirement. The principles adopted by the co-leaders falls into the below stated four categories:

  1. Fundamental principles:This forms the guiding principles for all actions and the decision of the management board in delegating all its company affairs
  2. Promoting co-operations: The fundamental guiding principles adopted by the company are aimed at promoting co-operation amid the management board and its vital external stakeholders.
  3. Internal governance:The operational model of Deutsche Bank relates with the principles of internal governance, which forms the key structure of operational functions and delegations of responsibilities among the co-leaders.   

References

Cohn, Alain, Ernst Fehr, and Michel André Maréchal. "Do Professional Norms in the Banking Industry Favor Risk-Taking?." (2016).

Gundlach, Matthias, and Frank Lehrbass, eds. CreditRisk+ in the banking industry. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.

Beatty, Anne, and Scott Liao. "Financial accounting in the banking industry: A review of the empirical literature." Journal of Accounting and Economics58.2 (2014): 339-383.

Bushman, Robert M. "Thoughts on financial accounting and the banking industry." Journal of Accounting and Economics 58.2 (2014): 384-395.

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