1.Freedom Riders were a group of 13 African-American black and white students who launched Freedom Rides. On 4th May, 1961, these activists started a cross-country campaign via bus trip to stop segregation in the interstate bus terminals. These Freedom Riders were recruited by a U.S. civil rights group ‘Congress of Racial Equality’ (CORE) and traveled on buses and sat wherever they pleased. They encountered lot of violence on their route but did not give up. This act received international attention and within next few months hundreds joined the Freedom Riders and engaged in similar types of actions like they used “whites only” lunch counters and rest rooms and vice versa (History, 2017; Freedom Riders, 2011).
2.The Civil Rights Movement video teaches us that old traditions can be uprooted if one is on the right path. A handful of young activists started a movement which became a national movement and changed the history of USA. Racism, segregation, classism were deep rooted evils which prevailed the American society for centuries were uprooted by this movement. It instigated the greatest democratic movement in the history of humanity. With support from the Kennedy government, Freedom Riders openly opposed segregation at public places and schools. The united efforts and commitment ultimately helped them to become liberated (Baucham, 2015).
3.The two videos are very inspiring and motivating. They teach us that if one is on the right path, the battle will be won. Initially the Freedom Riders had no resources, police support or any other kind of political or regional assistance. They had to encounter a lot of resistance and violence, but with dedication, commitment and will power they had ultimate victory and succeeded in eradicating the deep rooted vices of society like segregation and racism.
4.There would have been no Civil Rights Movement without Freedom Riders. These videos teach us equality and desegregation. In classrooms or at public places we must learn to tolerate the colored people. We must learn not to discriminate them at lunch counters, in class rooms or at public places. We must accept them as they are just as they accept the White people. The colored must be respected, honored and be provided with all the human rights. (Baucham, 2015)
5.In the pre-civil rights era, discrimination and segregation were widespread and overt. During those times, discrimination was considered to be a privilege of the Whites. Presently, overt discrimination is not seen but persistent racial inequality is seen in employment, consumer interactions, housing and other social domains. Discrimination arises from prejudice, ideologies, and racial stereotype beliefs. These are still deep-rooted in the culture of American society. Majority of the death penalties are given to the colored, majority of the inmates in prison are colored, drug traffickers are also colored. This shows that discrimination laws are only on paper but in spirit the prejudice and behavior of people have not altered. Discrimination at workplace, offices, schools, etc. is common phenomenon experienced by 7/10 colored people in one or the other occasion in life (Pager & Shepherd, 2008 ).
Baucham, V. (2015, July 2). What We Can Learn from the Civil Rights Movement. Retrieved september 30, 2017, from Thegospelcoalition.org: https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/what-we-can-learn-from-the-civil-rights-movement
Freedom Riders (2011). [Motion Picture].
History. (2017). Freedom Rides. Retrieved september 30, 2017, from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/freedom-rides
Pager, D., & Shepherd, H. (2008 , January 1). The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets. Annual Review of Sociology, 34, 181–209.
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