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ECE 350 Foundations and Trends in Early Childhood Education

Published : 07-Sep,2021  |  Views : 10

Questions:

1. The history and current practices in federal policy that affect early childhood education.
 
2. The historical evolution of policies that govern the separation of church and state, and how it affects schools.
 
3. Your position regarding the two items above with detailed explanations. 

Answers:

I took an interview of my class room teacher on how the federal policy has her education in childhood. She described it within three points; I am discussing the three points from her perspectives.

According to her, the recent changes in US has made the country fall down from the top most position in the ranking of education. The early childhood education is gaining a lot of attention from the public and the earlier president of the country Obama wanted to initiate policies that would help the country regain its position (Vinovskis, 2015). She said that there is an increase in unforeseen challenges regarding the childhood education because of the decisions of the public policy for the initiating childhood education. She said that the child care system in US is broken. The educators need to cooperate with the families of the kids who have issues regarding the administrations and legislations of current education policy. The public and education policy is influencing the educators with diverse ways of education. The federal and state law initiators needs to realize that connecting with the children is must rather than just completing the provided annexure of academics (Krejsler, 2017). The media is also highlighting the fact that there is a need to access to better teachers and better standards of academics in order to initiate better practices in childhood education.

The separation of church and state according to what my teacher said is a foundation stone of the US democracy. Religion and governments are very different from each other by certain means (Ravitch, 2016). My teacher said that the separation between the church and state is the part of legal and cultural categorization of the country and the educators have accepted the separation because it is the key stone of democracy.  Due to the separation of church and the state there is an initiative adapted to remove the religion factor from the life of the public as well as from the schools. The secondary and the primary school adapt the curricular topics for the school courses rather than the religious topics. According to the religious clause by the constitution of US, there is a prohibition of government and the public schools from the establishing of religions. The public schools are bound by the constitution that insists them to allow personal faith for religions but disallows them to practice any religion and enjoy any special status in the society. The private schools are not bound to do the same. This has also initiated few rules. Teaching about the bible is allowed but teaching with devotion is forbidden in the country because this opens the door to practice one specific religion and influences the student to do the same which according to the constitution is never allowed (Spring, 2016). My teacher also said that the constitution also forbids the teacher from giving more marks to the students who have used the word ‘GOD’ in their exercise book.

My class teacher said that as she is a teacher she can engage herself in the federal policy through the national education association of the country and she has the right to use her perspective in influencing the policy. The fellowships that the education department uses provide training to the teachers for the background of the policy and hence allow them to influence the policy and classroom. The policy provides the teachers with new challenges to help them maintain professionalism and receive gratitude for their contributions (Knowles et al, 2013). The teacher is in charge of framing the policy in their class rooms. As the policy influences the teacher’s role it also influences the policy makers with new ideas. As a teacher, she said that an academic course is incomplete without the presence of religious literacy which is lacking in the U.S. U.S. is a country of many religions but has no place for the world religions. She said that she has discomfort in teaching because she cannot use the religious views in the teaching process. She said that when she was a kid, her school practiced religions in various ways. There is a fear of the parents that if any one religion is practiced in the schools then there will be a tendency of losing faith in their own religion. As a teacher she believes that teaching about any three religions will help the students to understand the culture and politics of different countries apart from their own. She said that the schools of US are not allowed to pray in the morning or at beginning of games or having food in school. The schools are the places where the separation of church and state is clearly observed. She also said that the constitution wants to leave the training about religion of the students to their parents and other private organization rather than school. The schools of US often practice a high wall of the separation in the schools (Sorauf, 2015). A proper education is the mixture of learning of academics and religion. She said that studying or teaching bible cannot be the reason of violation of education (Apple, 2017).

The federal government of US funds on 10% of the nation’s education. The state and the local government are hugely responsible for the education system in the US. Hence the state is in charge of what to be taught and how to be taught in the school. The constitution forbids the use and observance of any religion all over the country’s public schools but some schools still try to participate in the flag hoisting and pledging of the prayer but use of word ‘God’ and related to God is not obligatory for them (Anyon,  2014). Every state of US is responsible behind the hiring of teachers, attendance of the students and setting of the curriculum for the year. The district schools maintain the observance of the education policies along with the changing grounds in the educational needs of the communities and the state.

References:

Anyon, J. (2014). Radical possibilities: Public policy, urban education, and a new social movement. Routledge.

Apple, M. W. (Ed.). (2017). Cultural and economic reproduction in education: Essays on class, ideology and the state (Vol. 53). Routledge.

Knowles, T., Kober, N., Ludwig, J., Petrilli, M. J., Slavin, R., & Tseng, V. (2013). Leveraging Learning: The Evolving Role of Federal Policy in Education Research. Aspen Institute.

Krejsler, J. B. (2017). Imagining School as Standards-Driven and Students as Career-Ready!: A comparative genealogy of US federal and European transnational turns in education policy. In Teacher Education and the Common Good: International Perspectives. Routledge.

Ravitch, D. (2016). The death and life of the great American school system: How testing and choice are undermining education. Basic Books.

Sorauf, F. J. (2015). The wall of separation: The constitutional politics of church and state. Princeton University Press.

Spring, J. (2016). Deculturalization and the struggle for equality: A brief history of the education of dominated cultures in the United States. Routledge.

Vinovskis, M. (2015). From A Nation at Risk to No Child Left Behind: National education goals and the creation of federal education policy. Teachers College Press.

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