Natural disasters like Hurricane Katrina (2005), Japan tsunami (2011) and many others cause great devastation of properties, death and injury among people. The Japan tsunami, which Japan’s northern shoreline on March 11, 2011 led to the loss of over 28000 people. More than 4, 65, 000 people were rendered homeless and needed immediate health care service. Apart from immediate injuries, survey have reported that the long-term health effect of the tsunami was huge as host of problems like anxiety, depression, cardiovascular problem and other disasters were seen in people (CNN Library, 2013).
Practitioners like public health administration can respond to needs of affected communities by evaluating the extent to which community were affected by the tsunami. On this basis, public health administrators implement evacuation activities and health maintenance activities by employing public health nurses, mental care psychiatrist and physician in meeting the health issues of affected people. Strong and effective measures against infectious diseases are also taken as disaster struck places has high risk of infectious outbreak. Public health workers also provide assistance regarding training people about hand hygiene and controlling infection (Nohara, 2011).
In addition, the emergency department plays a diverse role in responding to natural disasters like tsunami. They provide emergence medical care such initial patient triage and immediate transportation of patients to safer areas. There is great unpredictability in the work of emergency department because often they need to focus on saving as many lives as possible rather than focusing on proving standard care to all patient (Haddow, Bullock, & Coppola, (2017). Hence, the pre-hospital component is critical for the emergency department to saves lives and effectively responds to disasters.
CNN Library. (2013). Japan earthquake—Tsunami fast facts. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2013/07/17/world/asia/japan-earthquake---tsunami-fast-facts/
Haddow, G., Bullock, J., & Coppola, D. P. (2017). Introduction to emergency management. Butterworth-Heinemann.
Nohara, M. (2011). Impact of the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami on health, medical care and public health systems in Iwate Prefecture, Japan, 2011. Western Pac Surveill Response J, 2(7).
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